This article attempts to survey and compare Kaveh of Berlin and its namesake in Munich, Germany in terms of the prevailing political conditions at the time of their publication, their respective political impact and cultural activities and their editors, writers and contributors. The author begins by a somewhat detailed description of the goals of the founder of the Kaveh of Berlin, Hasan Taqizadeh, and his colleagues, including Mohammad Ali Jamalzadeh, Mohammad Qazvini, Ebrahim Pourdavud and Hossein Kazemzadeh Iranshahr. The author suggests that most of the articles of kaveh in this period were focused on the oriental studies and the introduction and translation of some of the works of European orientalists on Iran. Some of Taqizadeh's works on Shahnameh and Ferdowsi were also published in the paper. Kaveh, according to the author, also reported on the cultural activities of the Iranian community in Berlin and often organized seminars where Iranian scholars or writers read from their works. A number of the journal's writers and editors, including Taqizadeh and Jamalzadeh attended the Congress of Scandinavian Socialists held in Stockholm in order to present their demands and elaborate on the grievances of the Iranian nationalists against Great Britain and Russia. Kaveh of Berlin was closed down, due to financial problems, in March 1922.

In March 1963, Kaveh began its new life--in Munich--under the editorship of the author. It has strived to continue the tradition of the original Kaveh, particularly in terms of reflecting the views of some of the most prominent of Iranian intellectuals and writers. It has similarly been actively involved in the social and cultural life of the Iranian community in Germany by, among other things, sponsoring conferences and the establishment of cultural centers and offering classes for language instruction. It has also attempted, according to the author, to elaborate on the major concepts espoused by progressive and democratic movements both in Iran and within the Iranian communities abroad.

Mohammad Assemi
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